Actually, I suspect all these steps are simply silly and have nothing to do with my favorite bongo player. Einstein stood on a sunbeam. Feynman's genius is also in a sort of direct perception. Watch the video of him tapping the O-ring material, chilled in a beaker of ice water, with a hammer, to show what went wrong with the Challenger, when all the other "experts" had been arguing continuously.
Tiny little particles in physics don't have PhD's, either. They just need people to look at them.